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10 Charts About Retirement Every Retiree Should See (2020)



As a Retirement Planner, each year I eagerly await the release of J.P. Morgan’s Guide to Retirement. It is essentially a booklet of retirement charts filled with great information impacting retirees. Making it even better, it often highlights things that are regularly overlooked by just about anyone (including professionals) planning for retirement today. With that in mind, I have selected 10 charts that I think everyone transitioning into retirement should see with a little commentary on each. Every chart comes directly from their guide and credit for each chart’s information is provided within the guide itself.

1. Life Expectancy Probabilities

Page 5 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

When asked how long they’ll live, many retirees will respond late 70s or early 80s. Not all that surprising considering the average life expectancy for the average man and woman is 83 and 85 respectively. However, that ignores the average joint life expectancy of approximately 90 years old for 49% of the population and the 20% that live to age 95.

But what makes their estimates even less likely to be accurate is that we must remember these are averages! I’ll bet that if you are reading this site that you are not average. You’ve likely made above-average income, had above average healthcare, lived a less physically demanding life and concurrently eaten a healthier overall diet. If that’s true, then you are likely to be on the high side of all of the above estimates. That being the case, imagine what your portfolio will need to do to maintain your standard of living over a 25 or 30 plus year retirement.

2020 Update: The average life expectancy from 2017 to 2018 decreased by 0.1 for folks turning age 65 in 2018 versus 2017.

Related reading: Retirees Underestimate the Impact of Longevity & Inflation

2. Older Americans Are Working Longer

Page 6 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

While there are plenty of people that can’t wait to retire, I’m finding more and more people want to keep working. I’ve said before that I have a few clients that have been telling me they are going to retire in “a year or two” for close to a decade. This observation is evident in the data. It appears that the major motivations to continue working later in life are mostly to stay active and simply because they enjoy working.

3. Though Not Everyone Can Keep Working

Page 7 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

Despite the fact that 68% of workers anticipate retiring at age 65 or older, many are not able to for a variety of reasons. 35% attribute retiring earlier than planned to health problems and another 35% to changes at their company. I’ll be curious to see how these numbers change over the next year due to COVID-19 as many people are being forced out of work. This is why it is probably wise to be prepared financially speaking for retirement earlier than anticipated. I realize that is easier said than done sometimes.

4. Maximizing Social Security – Median Earner

Page 10 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

When comparing Social Security claiming strategies, the chart above shows:

In this illustration, the recipient earned $70k per year and retired just prior to turning 62. The Social Security recipient would breakeven around age 76 if they chose to delay claiming until Full Retirement Age versus claiming at age 62. And they would breakeven around age 80 if they chose to delay claiming until age 70 versus Full Retirement Age.

As an FYI, the breakeven age from claiming at age 70 versus claiming at age 62 is approximately 83 years old – not bad when you consider the average joint life expectancy age is almost 90 years old! You would need a strategy to bridge the gap between 62 and 70 if you retire earlier than most.

Related reading: Should You Wait Until 70 For Social Security?

5. Income Replacement Needs in Retirement

Page 15 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

As we can see based on the chart – the more income you make, the less we can expect to receive from Social Security as a percentage of our pre-retirement income. So, obviously, the more you make, the more you will be reliant on your own savings.

One observation I have in working with many retirees though is given that the typical retirement week consists of six Saturdays and a Sunday, I am not sure there is a noticeable difference in pre-retirement spending and post-retirement spending. I think this is especially true early on in retirement when many retirees travel abundantly. If anything they may see an increase in spending.

That said, I still think the replacement rate of 74% could still be accurate given that I would anticipate many people reading this site have above average savings rates which would increase the top-line number they call “Less pre-retirement savings.” If you are saving 20%, 30% or more of your income as many of my clients are, a 74% replacement rate may be pretty accurate if not more than enough.

Related Reading: Why Saving In Your 60s Is So Important – It’s Not the Reason You Think

6. Health Savings Account (HSA) Savings Are Triple-Tax-Advantaged

Page 20 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

The sheer value of a Health Savings Account from a tax perspective cannot be overstated. There are three primary tax benefits from investing in an HSA:

  1. Immediate reduction to taxable income (pay less taxes now).
  2. Tax-deferred growth on your investment.
  3. Tax-free withdrawals if used for qualified healthcare expenses.

Given this trifecta of tax benefits, if you are participating in a High Deductible Health Plan and financially able to do so, fully funding your HSA is a no-brainer.

7. Average Household Spending By Age & Category

Page 22 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

Even as people transition into retirement and continue to age, it’s not all that surprising that as we age, we see a decrease in expenses across a broad range of categories. This is a good example of why spending slightly more at the beginning of retirement isn’t necessarily a bad idea since you are likely to pare down spending over time.

The three areas where we see a noticeable increase in spending over time are health care (no surprise), housing excluding mortgage, and charitable giving.

8. The 4% Rule Sure Seems To Be Spot On Even After All These Years

Page 26 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2019 Edition

This is my favorite visual from the entirety of the Guide to Retirement 2019 edition and they chose not to keep it for 2020. But I am keeping it here since questions about withdrawal rates are very popular. The transition point for sustainable income appears to be right at the 4% withdrawal rate over a 30 year period almost regardless of allocation. Beyond 4%, the retirement waters look a little choppy to me.

That said, there could be an argument for withdrawing a little more in the early years and paring down later. Or an alternative strategy below…

9. Dynamic Spending Can Help Your Money Last Longer

Page 26 of the JP Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020 Edition

Here are the assumptions for the chart as written on their slide:

Retire at age 65 with $1,000,000 and withdraw 5.2% of the initial portfolio value ($52,000). “Withdrawal annually increased each year by inflation” assumes 3% inflation rate. Dynamic withdrawal scenario assumes that if the annual rate of return on portfolio is: 1) less than 3%, withdrawal remains the same as the prior year. 2) between 3% and 15%, withdrawal is increased by inflation (3%). 3) greater than 15%, withdrawal is increased by 4%. While the dynamic withdrawal scenario during this historical period provided 14% more total spending in today’s dollars, it is for illustrative purposes only and may not be successful during other time periods.

As the data shows, altering spending patterns based on a rules-based market performance approach extended the portfolio’s life by over five years. I really don’t have much to add to their assumptions besides saying that I advocate for a rules-based approach as well and find this strategy compelling. That said, there are a variety of strategies that are viable options to get you through retirement. But just like most everything else with portfolio management, finding a strategy that you can stick with is likely to lead to the best personal results.

10. The Probability of Needing Long Term Care

The probability of needing care is extremely high at 69% as indicated in the top chart. But the duration of care needed for about 50% of people is less than 90 days. However, in every length of care required beyond 90 days, women are the likely candidate with almost 1 in 5 women needing care for more than five years which is just staggering to me. It might go without saying, but having a plan to deal with these possibilities is critical.

Related reading: How to Pay for Long-Term Care

If these charts have you interested, I’d encourage you to check out all the retirement charts by going to the actual guide here: J.P. Morgan Guide to Retirement 2020. Making it an even stronger source of retirement information, every chart has the location for the source data, so if you really want to dig in, you can. Enjoy.

Thanks for reading!
Ashby Daniels

If you’re looking for a retirement planner to help you make a comfortable transition into retirement and want to see if we’re a good fit, reach out to me here.

This post is not advice. Please see additional disclaimers.

The post 10 Charts About Retirement Every Retiree Should See (2020) appeared first on Retirement Field Guide.

By: Ashby Daniels, CFP®
Title: 10 Charts About Retirement Every Retiree Should See (2020)
Sourced From:
Published Date: Wed, 01 Apr 2020 13:02:00 +0000

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At Least 1.7M Americans Use Health Sharing Arrangements, Despite Lack of Protections




A new report has provided the first national count of Americans who rely on health care sharing plans — arrangements through which people agree to pay one another’s medical bills — and the number is higher than previously realized.

The report from the Colorado Division of Insurance found that more than 1.7 million Americans rely on sharing plans and that many of the plans require members to ask for charity care before submitting their bills.

The total membership numbers are likely even higher. The state agency collected data from 16 sharing plans across the U.S. but identified five other plans that did not report their data.

“These plans cover more people than we had previously known,” said JoAnn Volk, co-director of the Center on Health Insurance Reforms at Georgetown University.

Under the arrangements, members, who usually share some religious beliefs, agree to send money each month to cover other members’ health care bills. At least 11 of the sharing plans that reported data operated in or advertised plans in all 50 states in 2021.

Sharing plans do not guarantee payment for health services and are not held to the same standards and consumer protections as health insurance plans. Sharing plans are not required to cover preexisting conditions or provide the minimum health benefits mandated by the Affordable Care Act. And unlike health insurance, sharing plans can place annual or lifetime caps on payments. A single catastrophic health event can easily exceed a sharing plan’s limits.

In Colorado, at least 67,000 people were members of sharing plans in 2021, representing about 1 in 4 Coloradans purchasing health care coverage on their own. That rate concerns Kate Harris, a chief deputy commissioner of the Colorado Division of Insurance, which she said regularly receives complaints from sharing plan enrollees.

“What we hear from consumers is that when they purchase one of these, they do think there is some guarantee of coverage, for the most part, despite the disclaimers on many of the organizations’ websites,” Harris said.

The Colorado report found that health sharing arrangements often require their members to seek charity care or assistance from providers, governments, or consumer support organizations before submitting sharing requests. Those costs are then shifted to other public or private health plans.

Katy Talento, executive director of the Alliance of Health Care Sharing Ministries, which represents five of the largest and longest-operating sharing plans in the country, said sharing ministries encourage members to act like the uninsured people they are. Such requirements to seek charity care reflect a desire to be good stewards of their members’ money, Talento said.

“Think about it like a soup kitchen,” she said.

Fourteen sharing plans reported that Colorado members submitted a cumulative $362 million in health bills in 2021, and nearly $132 million of those requests were approved. The remainder, sharing plan executives told the division, reflected duplicative bills, ineligible charges, negotiated discounts, and the members’ agreed-upon portion of medical bills.

“It’s not like every claim line on a health care sharing request is going to be eligible for sharing,” Talento said. “They have to submit the whole bill. They can’t just pull out a piece of it.”

But consumer complaints to the Division of Insurance and to consumer assistance programs, such as the Colorado Consumer Health Initiative, show that members do not always realize what sharing plans will cover.

“We have seen firsthand the risks that people face when they sign up for these arrangements without recognizing the magnitude of the risk that they’re assuming for their health care costs,” said Isabel Cruz, the initiative’s policy director.

Talento disputed the notion that members don’t know the parameters of their sharing plans.

“That’s just suggesting that our members are dumb,” she said. “Is it likely that somehow our people are going to be willy-nilly jumping blindly into something?”

Theresa Brilli, a small-business owner in Longmont, Colorado, said she and her partner signed up for a direct primary care plan in 2017 that covered primary care visits for $179 a month. Direct primary care plans are payment arrangements between patients and providers for receiving health services without billing insurance. The plan had an arrangement with Liberty HealthShare, a Canton, Ohio-based sharing plan with more than 131,000 members nationwide, to cover additional services like preventive screenings, emergency room care, and hospitalizations for $349 a month with a $1,000 deductible. The rates increased to $499 a month, with a $1,750 deductible, in 2020, Brilli said.

But Brilli said getting payments was a major hassle.

“It took about four to eight months to get reimbursed,” she said. “It was a fight, every bill.”

When she heard about enhanced subsidies for ACA marketplace plans in 2022, she decided the hassle was no longer worth it and switched to a Kaiser Permanente plan for $397 a month.

“I will never go back to Liberty Health or a health care sharing plan,” she said. “I didn’t agree with the whole ministry thing. They made you sign off saying you believed in God, which was like, ‘Whoa, I guess that’s what I have to do to get my health insurance.’”

Laura Murray, 49, of Aurora, Colorado, said she signed up for a Liberty HealthShare plan in 2017 as a more affordable alternative to her husband’s employer-based plan.

“We kind of felt we were cutting out the middleman in a way, and it was a helping-out-your-neighbor sort of deal,” she said.

But when she became pregnant unexpectedly, she had trouble getting her health bills paid. Initially, Liberty paid only a portion of the tab, and her bills got sent to a collection agency. It was only through multiple calls that she learned she needed to send the bills to a third party that would negotiate with the providers.

“It took years to get it cleared up,” she said.

Timothy Bryan, Liberty’s vice president of marketing and communication, disputed many of the details of Brilli’s account and attributed some of the delay in payment to her “failure to submit the required supporting documentation.” Murray’s payments, he said, were delayed more than 10 months because she had failed to provide the required pre-notification.

Mike Quinlan, 42, of Denver, turned to a health sharing ministry in 2014 after the birth of his first child cost him more than $17,000 out-of-pocket, on top of nearly $24,000 in premiums that year, under an employer-sponsored health plan. He said the births of his three youngest children were covered in full by Samaritan Ministries International, a Peoria, Illinois-based sharing plan with 359,000 members, to which he contributes $600 a month. When he incurs large health expenses, he receives a slew of $600 checks from other members, he said.

Every year, Quinlan attests that he is a Christian and identifies the church he attends.

“This is a group of like-minded people who have said voluntarily we’re going to trust each other to cover each other’s health costs,” he said.

The rules differ from plan to plan. Some sharing plans require members to pledge to abide by Christian principles, and some exclude payment for out-of-wedlock births or health issues that arise from drug use. Many sharing plans exclude coverage of contraception, mental health services, and abortion, often with no exceptions for rape or safety of the mother.

Regulators in Colorado and other states have also expressed concerns that health sharing arrangements are paying brokers much higher commissions for signing up members than health plans do. That could create financial incentives to push sharing plans over health insurance without adequately educating consumers about the differences.

In 2019, Covered California, the Golden State’s ACA marketplace, instituted a requirement that its certified agents who sell both sharing plans and health insurance provide consumers with a list of disclosures about sharing plans and show them the subsidies they could receive for buying traditional health insurance coverage.

“It’s really important that consumers understand what these arrangements are, and what they are not,” said Jessica Altman, executive director of Covered California.

Harris said the Colorado Division of Insurance is investigating multiple health sharing arrangements based on consumer complaints but declined to name them.

Colorado officials are also concerned that health sharing arrangements might appeal primarily to people who don’t expect to use many health services. That could increase the proportion of sicker and more expensive patients among enrollees in traditional health insurance plans, driving up premiums.

Harris said many consumers can get a health plan for less than the cost of a sharing plan, particularly with increased federal and state subsidies put in place in recent years. State officials are also working to inform consumers of the financial risks associated with health sharing arrangements, some of which have gone bankrupt in recent years.

“It might look cheaper on its face, month to month,” Harris said. “But if they do really actually need their costs covered, there’s a real risk that they may not be.”

KFF Health News is a national newsroom that produces in-depth journalism about health issues and is one of the core operating programs at KFF—an independent source of health policy research, polling, and journalism. Learn more about KFF.


This story can be republished for free (details).


By: Markian Hawryluk
Title: At Least 1.7M Americans Use Health Sharing Arrangements, Despite Lack of Protections
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Published Date: Wed, 14 Jun 2023 09:00:00 +0000




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Retirement Planning

Give Yourself the Perfect Retirement Gift



Give Yourself the Perfect Retirement Gift

From day one, everyone looks forward to retirement, that day where they can finally let go of the stresses of the daily grind and spend their leisurely days traveling, reading and basically having fun. As compared to previous generations, we have longer life spans so we all expect our golden years to be fulfilling and rewarding.

Instead of waiting for people to help you plan your retirement, you should do it yourself. Although retirement planning is probably one of the most draining activities where one spends loads of time perusing over financial and brokerage statements, benefits brochures and insurance policies. One does this in terms of the benefits of long term planning: if one retires earlier, he/she will think and anticipate less on government-funded plans which only gives a pittance of a pension and focus more on the beauty of life.

Why Retirement Planning is Necessary

Obviously, retirement planning isn’t all about numerous hours of stress by chugging down numbers and analyzing mutual funds: it’s about fixing and deciding how you will live the final years of your life. If one can balance financially and plan fully on a retirement plan, rest assured that your future is secure.

But remember that retirement planning isn’t a singular activity. It is something that stretches forth to decades, spanning your 30s, 40s and 50s. In every decade, one must rethink their strategies since you are inching closer and closer to retirement, thus one must forgo risky investments and go to bonds and reliable mutual funds as the years pass by.

Build the Right Retirement Plan

A retirement plan must be suited to your risk tolerance and apparent need for cash when retirement comes. If you prefer a general 401(k) that has a good balance of everything, you may go for equal amounts of low-risk bonds and riskier stocks or you may also opt for an assortment of mutual funds that both have high-risk and low-risk funds.

Generally, risk tolerance is congruent to one’s age. If you are on your 20s or early 30s, you may opt for a more stock-saturated mutual fund in the hope of getting a good return because of the added risk stocks give. If ever the worst comes and you face some declines in the stock market, you still have a good 20 to 30 years to compensate for the losses.

On the other hand, if one is teetering on the 40s or 50s, it is necessary that one must go low-risk in his/her investments. One’s mutual funds must now be concentrated more on low-risk government bonds, which virtually assure no losses and minimum gain, if there will be no huge political crisis, of course.

If one follows this general age/risk rule, then one has better chance that one has an ample amount of cash to spend on the pleasures of life when retirement age finally comes.


One has always dreamt of traveling the world, playing golf all day and enjoying the best life can give. But one cannot do all that while working away in the office. Therefore one must give importance to the rising necessity of building a retirement plan.

It is probably as stressful as work itself, but if you can carry all that heap of information and mix it into the delicacy that is a finely tailored retirement plan, then rest assured that your dream of tasting and relishing the best of life is definitely reachable by 65.

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Retirement Planning

Ends-of-the-World Every Year Since 1970



There always has been and always will be a reason not to invest or not to stay invested. This is all the mainstream media reports to us. Below you will find a list of some of the worst global events each year since 1970. I have some commentary to follow.

1970: War: US troops invade Cambodia.
1971: Civil Unrest: Anti-war militants march on Washington.
1972: Political: Start of Watergate Scandal.
1973: Economic: OPEC raises oil prices in response to US involvement abroad.
1974: Political: Nixon resigns as President of the United States.
1975: Political: Multiple assassination attempts on President Ford.
1976: World: Ebola virus.
1977: Political: Government shutdowns.
1978: Market: U.S. Dollar plunges to record low against many European currencies.
1979: World: Iranian militants seize the U.S. embassy in Teheran and hold hostages.
1980: Economic: Inflation spiked to a high of 14.76%.
1981: Political: President Reagan assassination attempt.
1982: Economic: Recession continues in the U.S. with nationwide unemployment of 10.8%.
1983: Economic: Unemployment in the U.S. reaches 12 million.
1984: Economic: 70 U.S. banks fail during the year.
1985: World: Multiple airplane hijackings around the world.
1986: World: Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station explodes.
1987: Market: DOW drops by 22.6% on October 22.
1988: Environment: Awareness of global warming and the greenhouse effect grows.
1989: Environment: Exxon Valdez dumps 11 million gallons of crude oil into Prince William Sound.
1990: World: Persian Gulf War starts.
1991: World: Mass shooting in Killeen, TX.
1992: Human Rights: Los Angeles riots following the death of Rodney King.
1993: Terrorism: World Trade Center bombing.
1994: World: Mass genocide in Rwanda.
1995: Terrorism: Oklahoma City bombing.
1996: Terrorism: Olympic Park bombing.
1997: World: Bird flu.
1998: World: Multiple U.S. embassy bombings.
1999: World: Columbine shooting.
2000: Economic: Start of the Dotcom Market Crash.
2001: Terrorism: Terrorist Attacks in NYC, DC & PA.
2002: Economic: Nasdaq bottomed after a 76.81% drop.
2003: World: The U.S. invades Iraq.
2004: World: The U.S. launches an attack on Falluja.
2005: World: Hurricane Katrina
2006: World: Bird flu.
2007: Economic: Start of the Great Recession.
2008: Economic: Great Recession continues.
2009: Economic: S&P bottomed after a 56.8% drop.
2010: Market: Flash crash.
2011: Market: Occupy Wall Street and S&P downgrades U.S. Debt.
2012: Political: Fiscal cliff.
2013: Political: Taper tantrum.
2014: World: Ebola virus.
2015: World: Multiple mass shootings.
2016: Political: Divided U.S. Presidential election.
2017: World: North Korea testing nuclear weapons.
2018: Economic: U.S. & China trade war.
2019: Economic: Student loan debt reaches an all-time high of $1.4 trillion.
2020: World: COVID-19.

While many of these events were undoubtedly terrible (and there are certainly others not named here that were worse), most of these were broadcast as end-of-the-world events for the stock market. Despite that attention, it is worth noting that these were, for the most part, one-time events. In other words, most faded into the newspapers of history. We moved on.

Obviously, some caused monumental shifts in the way the world works. Just think about how much air travel continues to be impacted by the events of 9/11. But, outside of the resulting inconveniences (if we want to call safety protocols inconveniences) associated with air travel, flying is safer than ever before.

Take a look at just about any of the events and you will find there are many that people will hardly remember. My point here isn’t that these events are to be ignored or that they were easy to stomach at the time, but that they have become a distant memory.

I want to also make the point that we should expect these types of negative events. As investors, we know these types of crises, economic catastrophes, and global phenomena are going to happen.

But in almost all cases, here is what we can say in the next breath – this too shall pass.

Will there be legal, humanitarian, economic, or some other aid required as a result of these events? Almost certainly the answer is yes, but that doesn’t mean it they won’t eventually fade into history.

Lastly, what’s worth noting is how the market has performed over these last 50 years despite the continual advertisements of the world crashing down around us. On January 2, 1970, the Dow Jones stood at 809 and the S&P at 90 -> those are not typos. These same indexes have grown (not including dividends) to 26,387 and 3,232 respectively. Amazing, no?

Perhaps what gets overlooked more than anything else is what separates the above one-time negative events from the positive stories that go largely ignored over our lifetimes. And that is a story worth telling. See the companion post below:

Unheralded Positive Events Every Year Since 1970

Stay the Course,

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If you would like to join us in achieving our mission, I hope you will consider sharing our site if you have found it helpful in your own retirement planning.

This post is not advice. Please see additional disclaimers.

The post Ends-of-the-World Every Year Since 1970 appeared first on Retirement Field Guide.


By: Ashby Daniels, CFP®
Title: Ends-of-the-World Every Year Since 1970
Sourced From:
Published Date: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 13:26:19 +0000

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