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401k Retirement Plans Explained

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?401k Retirement Plans Explained

401k retirement plans are special types of accounts, financed through pre-tax payroll deductions. The funds in your account are invested in various ways. Your funds can be invested through any number of stocks, mutual funds, and other ways, and it is not taxed on any capital gains or interest until the money is pulled out or withdrawn. Congress approved this retirement savings plan in 1981, and its name was rooted from the section of the Internal Revenue Code that contains it, which is obviously, section 401k. One great advantage of this retirement plan is that the tax treatment is complimentary. Moreover, capital gains, interest and dividends are not levied until they are pulled out or withdrawn.

In terms of its investment customization and flexibility, 401k retirement plans offer employees and workers an extensive array of options and preferences as to how their property and assets are invested through time. Moreover, many businesses and companies permit employees to obtain company stock for their 401k retirement plan at a cut rate. However, many pecuniary consultants and counselors are not in favor of holding a significant percentage of your 401k plan in the shares of your boss or manager.

So what are 401k plans? If you are like most people, you probably have questions about your 401k retirement plan. You may be wondering how a 401k actually takes place, precisely what a 401k retirement plan is, or how you can be capable of stimulating the diminishing balance in your 401k plan. So how does a 401k plan actually work? If your company offers a 401k retirement plan, you can agree to join. You can also have the selection option of choosing the amount of funds you wish to put in from an inventory of funds presented in the 401k plan. Your payment will routinely be deducted from your pay check before taxes.

Every worker can invest up to a defined proportion of his wage into a 401k plan. Your involvement, along with any coordinated contributions from your employer, are then endowed into your chosen funds. These funds will produce interest before being taxed, and can be withdrawn when you reach 60 years of age. At this point in time, you must pay the income tax on the withdrawn funds. Furthermore, there are methods and means wherein you can pull out your funds before age 60. However, these early withdrawals frequently call for a penalty in conjunction with the payment of taxes.

A 401k retirement plan is an employer-subsidized retirement plan, and it is categorized into two groups: defined benefit and defined contribution. With this defined benefit plan, the employer pledges to give a distinct sum to those who want to retire and those who meet specified eligibility standards and measures.

401k

Roth 401k ? New Retirement Savings Plan.

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?Roth 401k ? New Retirement Savings Plan.

Brand new employer sponsored retirement plan is a hybrid of a traditional 401k and a Roth IRA.

Income tax rates have been cut, the marriage penalty done away with, and the “death tax” is also on a path to no more. All of this is a result of the Bush administration’s Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act which was passed by a Republican congress in 2001. Another provision of that act went into effect on January 1st, 2006, a hybrid of a traditional 401k and a traditional Roth IRA called the Roth 401k.

Yet another employer sponsored savings plan, the new Roth 401k works in almost the same way as a traditional 401k plan. Workers invest a portion of their income into a fund along with contributions from their employer (if any). The difference is that the traditional 401k is funded with “pre-tax” dollars and the Roth 401k plan uses “after-tax” dollars. However, with the Roth 401k, withdrawal of your money at retirement will be tax free like a Roth IRA. The traditional 401k plan defers the tax owed during your career until retirement.

Although it may sound like the best of both worlds, it is important to note that no employer is required to offer this new Roth 401k plan. In fact, a recent survey by employee benefits consulting firm Hewitt and Associates found that only 31 % of employers currently offering the traditional 401k plan are considering implementing the new Roth 401k.

Contribution limits for the retirement plans are: in 2005, $14,000 for a 401k and $4,000 for an IRA, whether Roth or traditional. In 2006, this amount will increase to $15,000 for both 401k and IRAs.

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A Closer Look At The Roth 401k

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?A Closer Look At The Roth 401k

Roth 401k is a good retirement savings option. Although it does not provide an up-front tax-deduction, the account eventually becomes tax-free, because the withdrawals taken at retirement are not subject to income tax.

This tax benefit can only be provided to persons who are at least 59.5 years old, or are disabled, and who have held the account for a minimum period of five years. Roth 401k provides an opportunity to save with a different kind of tax treatment. It is a good option for those who are just starting their careers, and expect their income to grow in the future.

Eligibility for Roth 401k:

Anyone whose employer offers Roth 401k is eligible for this investment option. If an employee leaves his/her job, the Roth 401k balance can be rolled over into a Roth IRA. One major benefit of enrolling in Roth 401k is that an account holder does not lose eligibility when the income becomes very high. There is no provision of helping a person open this account if his/her employer does not offer Roth 401k yet. Employers provide a form to their employees to state some, or all, of their 401k contributions that will go into their Roth 401k account.

Difference between 401k and Roth 401k:

401k makes available some tax relief in the year a person may have contributed into the account. However, a 401k-account holder is liable to pay taxes on his/her contribution, along with all the investment earnings, later.

A Roth 401k account holder does not get any tax benefit in the year of the contributions, but all the earnings in the account will be free of tax for as long as the account exists. Besides, a Roth 401k-account holder can roll his/her account to a Roth IRA. The Roth IRA account continues to grow with tax-free earnings for as long as it exists. However, Roth IRA is not available to taxpayers with an income above a certain level.

Advantages of Roth 401k:

Since tax rules allow a person to make it as large as a traditional account, the Roth 401k account is more valuable compared to it. Therefore, saving in a Roth 401k account can make a person much better off at retirement. Given below is a table showing the amount required in a traditional account to have the equivalent of $100 in a Roth Account.

TAX- BRACKETAMOUNT

10%$111.11
15%$117.65
25%$133.33
28%$138.89
33%$149.25
35%$153.85

If a person is in the 33% tax bracket, he/she will have to withdraw $149.25 from a traditional account in order to spend $100. This is because $49.25 is used to pay the tax on the distribution. Roth 401k provides more wealth at retirement, as the distribution from it is tax-free.

While many companies that already have the traditional 401k plans, wanted to implement Roth 401k plans, which have been effective from January 1,2006 according to the law, in reality only a few actually have done it, because of the extra expenses involved. These companies want to first observe the success of Roth 401k before actually undertaking the cost of the implementation.

Roth 401k is a good investment option to save tax-free earnings for retirement. People can take advantage of it to be able to have a secure retirement, which is free from monetary worries.

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What You Should Know About A 401k

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?What You Should Know About A 401k

A 401k is a good place to start in planning for your future retirement, no matter how far away you may be from the actual time. A 401k account is a special type of savings account that is funded directly through your paycheck each pay period. How it works is that you and your employer determine the amount that is to be deducted from each paycheck you receive, then the employer determines your pre-tax earnings and deducts your 401k funds from the paycheck prior to taxes.

Once deposited in the special savings account, the funds in the 401k are then invested into many different types of mutual funds, bonds, and stocks. The great thing about a 401k retirement plan is that all of these investments are completely free of taxes until the time comes for you to withdraw your money from the 401k account.

Beginning in the early part of the 1980?s congress created the 401k retirement plan to allow people to begin saving money before they retire from their employment. It works as something of a financial net, ready for you when the time arrives.

There are several advantages with a 401k other than simply being a tax-exempt method of savings. Your employer may also have a match program. With this program, your employer would match part of your contribution into 401k. This means that whatever you contribute to your 401k, your employer will match a portion of it each pay period. Additionally, some employers raise the amount of their contribution when you have worked for them a certain number of years.

Another exciting aspect of 401k is that you have the option to determine where your funds will go when it is invested. To some, this is important and gives them the opportunity to maximize their retirement savings.

Furthermore, 401k has portability. If you should ever change jobs, you have many different options available in regard to your 401k. One of these options is to simply leave your 401k with your previous employer. This is the easiest option. However, you should be aware that the plan administrators could charge you for maintaining the account records. Another option is to roll the 401k over to the new employer?s plan. This will allow you to continue to deposit money into your 401k to add to the money you have already earned and saved.

You may also be able to rollover the 401k into an IRA. This is a great option, especially if employers only offer limited investments. You would have greater control over where your money is invested. Last, you could opt to completely cash the 401k out. This option has a few drawbacks. When you cash out your 401k plan, you must pay the taxes on that money and you could also be accessed a penalty for early withdrawal.

It is extremely important that you fully understand all of your options. Weigh the results of each one prior to making any decision about your 401k. Being educated, practical and informed before making your decision will help benefit your 401k and retirement in the long run.

Permission is granted to reprint this article as long as no changes are made, and the entire resource box is included.

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